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Focal Plane

David Präkel

David Präkel has enjoyed a successful and diverse career in journalism, photography and education. He has taught photography at all levels in the UK and America, at the prestigious Kodak Imaging Training Centre and in his own training workshops in Northumberland. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Visual Dictionary of Photography

AVA Publishing SA, 2010

Book chapter

...Technically speaking, the focal plane is the imaginary flat surface inside the camera where the image is focused. There is also an imaginary flat surface that cuts through the subject where the lens is focused, which should correctly...

kelvin

David Präkel

David Präkel has enjoyed a successful and diverse career in journalism, photography and education. He has taught photography at all levels in the UK and America, at the prestigious Kodak Imaging Training Centre and in his own training workshops in Northumberland. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Visual Dictionary of Photography

AVA Publishing SA, 2010

Book chapter

...The kelvin is a measure of the colour temperature of a light source. It is one of the base units in the si system of measurement. The kelvin scale, first proposed in 1848, is a thermodynamic temperature scale starting at absolute zero....

Movement

David Präkel

David Präkel has enjoyed a successful and diverse career in journalism, photography and education. He has taught photography at all levels in the UK and America, at the prestigious Kodak Imaging Training Centre and in his own training workshops in Northumberland. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Visual Dictionary of Photography

AVA Publishing SA, 2010

Book chapter

...In a conventional camera, lens and image planes are in a fixed parallel relationship. This means the plane of focus will be always parallel to the camera back. With a view camera, both image plane (the film back) and lens plane can...

Noise

David Präkel

David Präkel has enjoyed a successful and diverse career in journalism, photography and education. He has taught photography at all levels in the UK and America, at the prestigious Kodak Imaging Training Centre and in his own training workshops in Northumberland. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Visual Dictionary of Photography

AVA Publishing SA, 2010

Book chapter

...Noise is to digital photography as grain is to film. Digital noise is best described as ‘pixels out of place’ in the regular pattern of the pixel mosaic. It appears as black-and-white pixels (Luma noise) or as colour pixels (Chroma noise)....

Panning

David Präkel

David Präkel has enjoyed a successful and diverse career in journalism, photography and education. He has taught photography at all levels in the UK and America, at the prestigious Kodak Imaging Training Centre and in his own training workshops in Northumberland. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Visual Dictionary of Photography

AVA Publishing SA, 2010

Book chapter

...Panning is a technique to make a moving subject appear stationary. It has the added advantage of blurring background detail, which focuses attention on the subject and creates the illusion of speed and movement within the image. By moving...

Perspective

David Präkel

David Präkel has enjoyed a successful and diverse career in journalism, photography and education. He has taught photography at all levels in the UK and America, at the prestigious Kodak Imaging Training Centre and in his own training workshops in Northumberland. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Visual Dictionary of Photography

AVA Publishing SA, 2010

Book chapter

...Long focal-length lenses seem to compress depth, known as shallow perspective (top), while wide-angle lenses give the opposite effect, sometimes referred to as exaggerated perspective (bottom).Perspective is the means by which we interpret...

Photogram

David Präkel

David Präkel has enjoyed a successful and diverse career in journalism, photography and education. He has taught photography at all levels in the UK and America, at the prestigious Kodak Imaging Training Centre and in his own training workshops in Northumberland. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Visual Dictionary of Photography

AVA Publishing SA, 2010

Book chapter

...Rayographie ‘Sans titre’ (spirale), 1923.‘Rayographs’ or ‘Rayograms’ are photograms produced by Man Ray.The photogram is the simplest form of photographic imagery. It is created by the shadows cast by an object when in close contact...

The photograph

Basics Creative Photography 02: Context and Narrative

AVA Publishing SA, 2011

Book chapter

...Title: from ‘Mother of Martyrs’Photographer: Newsha TavakolianEvery Thursday and Friday, Iranian mothers who are proud that their sons have given their lives for Iran, visit the cemetery. Their sons died fighting Iraqi Republican Guards....

Scheimpflug Principle

David Präkel

David Präkel has enjoyed a successful and diverse career in journalism, photography and education. He has taught photography at all levels in the UK and America, at the prestigious Kodak Imaging Training Centre and in his own training workshops in Northumberland. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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The Visual Dictionary of Photography

AVA Publishing SA, 2010

Book chapter

...To obtain overall sharp focus, the plane of the subject, the plane of the lens and the image plane (film or sensor) must either be parallel or meet at a common point. Most photographers are familiar with the first part of this statement...

Reading the signs

Richard Salkeld

Having held the posts of course leader on both the Visual Arts and History of Art and Visual Culture courses at the University of Gloucestershire, Richard Salkeld is now senior lecturer in the university's Art and Design department, teaching undergraduate students of photography. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Reading Photographs : An Introduction the Theory and Meaning of Images

Fairchild Books, 2014

Book chapter

...Title: It’s a dog’s life, 1980Photographer: John IngledewThe double take is momentary, but even after the brain has worked out that this is a picture of a man holding a dog, the eyes insist on seeing a ‘dog-man’.Imagine you woke up...